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Re: “How Nature Heals: Why East Bay Doctors Are Prescribing The Outdoors To People Of Color

Yes, lack of green spaces and not laziness and sodium rich diets is the contributing factor to health problems for non-whites.

I know of a couple large land masses where there is plenty of green spaces. I hear the cost of living is quite cheap too!

Posted by George Rockwell on 05/21/2017 at 1:31 PM

Re: “Golden Road Brewing's Meg Gill Visits Oakland To Defend Controversial Plan To Open Beer Garden

The article mentions hogs apothecary as good for the neighborhood but neglected the fact that the owner of hogs steals from his employees by forbidding them from taking legally mandated breaks. This is actually extremely bad for the neighborhood and the workers.

Posted by Brendan McMahon on 05/21/2017 at 11:43 AM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

Denise Valenti

Like all the junk science pushing the idea of marijuana impairment, your "studies" only say a certain percentage of drivers in accidents tested positive for marijuana.

That says NOTHING about impairment or the actual cause of the accidents - just that a some were marijuana consumers. - What actually happened in those accidents was some unfortunate NON-impaired marijuana consumers were crashed into by drunk, texting, or otherwise REALLY impaired drivers.

The preponderance of the legitimate studies actually looking at impairment (like the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration research of 2015 cited below) show that marijuana is NOT a significant cause of auto accidents.

Shame on you for pushing this deceptive propaganda.

Posted by John Thomas on 05/20/2017 at 11:42 PM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

Levels of active THC, inactive THC and CBD or any combination are not enough to determine functional impairment to drive. Consumer tests such as DRUID and MyCanary are excellent tools to raise awareness within the marijuana consuming community about their individual response and impairment with marijuana use.

It is SOOOO biased, uneducated and reactionary to make the assumption that any person concerned with marijuana and public safety (including driving) are not in favor of legal adult use of marijuana. It is not safe to drive after marijuana use. Data in all states with recreational use are suffering with an increase in harm and death.

The data is indicating that one of the more tragic outcome of legal and potentially the medicinal use of marijuana are more drivers using marijuana and driving under the influence. The state of Washington recognized this and worked with private agencies to survey the crash and fatality rates. What is clear is that the fatality rate specific to cannabis has increased.

Another chilling statistic: Those testing positive for marijuana alone, not alcohol or other drugs, are FIVE TIMES more likely to kill someone other than themselves compared to a driver testing positive for alcohol.
http://wtsc.wa.gov/wp-content/uploads/dlm_uploads/2015/10/Driver-Toxicology-Testing-and-the-Involvement-of-Marijuana-in-Fatal-Crashes_REVFeb2016.pdf

Tests of function are desperately needed so as to obtain convictions and remove these dangerous drivers from the road. IMMAD - Impairment Measurement Marijuana and driving is a simple app for a tablet that objectively measures functional impairment. It measures the visual field deficits (HUGE BLIND SPOTS or TUNNEL VISION) that occurs with marijuana use. Marijuana has been shown to significantly impair the eye retinal ganglion cells. IMMAD - Impairment Measurement Marijuana and Driving, measures this. IMMAD and other tests of function need further development and studied so as to have better tools for law enforcement to use in dealing with marijuana impaired driving.

Posted by Denise Valenti on 05/20/2017 at 4:23 PM

Re: “Former Tennis Pro Says East Bay Landlord Michael Marr Was Major Player in Scheme to Rig Foreclosure Auctions

So Glad he's finally being charged. Illegally evicted me, lied in court. This man deserves to rot in hell

Posted by Nick W on 05/20/2017 at 3:28 PM

Re: “Trial Begins for East Bay Landlord Accused of Rigging Foreclosure Auctions

He's an cold hearted human who deserves to be locked up in the Pen. He kept boosting our rent from $1200 to 1,650 in three months with no fixing any of our carpets, lights or doors. Finally came and fixed it after 9 months of begging!!! He deserves to get locked up. There are poor elderly people who lives in his other property who went from 1,000 to 2,800 on rent. Mr. Marr deserve the toilet in prison. Then serve me eviction notes not even on the day of rent but before. His daughter is a cold hearted just like him. Her name is Jessica and she runs her father business located at Community Realty. Take their @$$3s to prison!!!

Posted by Char2765Garden on 05/20/2017 at 11:06 AM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

Why does most everyone jump to the automatic, knee-jerk, and FALSE assumption that cannabis impairs drivers much the same as does alcohol? Why let uninformed opinions be the basis of new laws? It took me very little time to do a search, and find actual scientific studies which indicate just how incorrect such an assumption is. Examples follow.

Studies Show Marijuana Consumption Not Associated With Dangerous Driving, May Lead to Safer Drivers
Anyone who consumes cannabis on a regular basis knows that it doesnt make you a dangerous driver. Many people find that it makes them a safer, more focused driver; one thats more aware of their surroundings and the dangers associated with controlling tons of gasoline-filled metal. Not only has this been an anecdotal truth for as long as cars and cannabis have been paired, science has also been clear that consuming marijuana doesnt make you a dangerous driver, and may make some people safer drivers. More research is needed, but its hard to deny that of the research we have, marijuana hasnt been found to increase a persons risk of an accident. To back this claim up, heres a list of studies and research conducted on this very topic, some of which were funded by national governments in hopes of different results.
http://tinyurl.com/kwz5bz2

Marijuana and Driving: A Review of the Scientific Evidence
"Marijuana has a measurable yet relatively mild effect on psychomotor skills, yet it does not appear to play a significant role in vehicle crashes, particularly when compared to alcohol. Below is a summary of some of the existing data."
http://tinyurl.com/8xa862z

The incidence and role of drugs in fatally injured drivers
"There was no indication that cannabis by itself was a cause of fatal crashes."
REFERENCE: Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration,
Report No. DOT HS 808 065, K. Terhune. 1992.
http://tinyurl.com/qfg9ruf

Marijuanas effects on actual driving performance
Evidence from the present and previous studies strongly suggests that alcohol encourages risky driving whereas THC encourages greater caution. .. Drivers under the influence of marijuana retain insight in their performance and will compensate when they can, for example, by slowing down or increasing effort. As a consequence, THCs adverse effects on driving performance appear relatively small.
REFERENCE: University of Adelaide study, 1995
www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/Misc/driving/s1p2.htm

Role of cannabis in motor vehicle crashes
"There is no evidence that consumption of cannabis alone increases the risk of culpability for traffic crash fatalities or injuries for which hospitalization occurs, and may reduce those risks.. The more cautious behavior of subjects who have received marijuana decreases the impact of the drug on performance, whereas the opposite holds true for alcohol.
REFERENCE: Marijuana: On-Road and Driving-Simulator Studies; Epidemiologic Reviews 21: 222-232, A. Smiley. 1999.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10682259

"Both simulation and road trials generally find that driving behaviour shortly after consumption of larger doses of cannabis results in (i) a more cautious driving style; (ii) increased variability in lane position (and headway); and (iii) longer decision times. Whereas these results indicate a 'change' from normal conditions, they do not necessarily reflect 'impairment' in terms of performance effectiveness since few studies report increased accident risk."
REFERENCE: UK Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions (Road Safety Division). 2000.
http://tinyurl.com/og89wrm

Cannabis And Cannabinoids - Pharmacology, Toxicology And Therapy
"At the present time, the evidence to suggest an involvement of cannabis in road crashes is scientifically unproven".
REFERENCE: G. Chesher and M. Longo. 2002.
http://tinyurl.com/o7dmm2g

Cannabis: Our position for a Canadian Public Policy
Cannabis alone, particularly in low doses, has little effect on the skills involved in automobile driving. Cannabis leads to a more cautious style of driving. However it has a negative impact on decision time and trajectory. This in itself does not mean that drivers under the influence of cannabis represent a traffic safety risk
REFERENCE: Canadian Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs. 2002.
http://www.parl.gc.ca/content/sen/committee/371/ille/rep/summary-e.htm

"The evidence to suggest an involvement of cannabis in road crashes is scientifically unproven."
REFERENCE: Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential, 2002
Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential, edited by Franjo Grotenhermen, MD and Ethan Russo, MD (Haworth Press 2002).
http://tinyurl.com/o7dmm2g

The Prevalence of Drug Use in Drivers, and Characteristics of the Drug-Positive Group
"There was a clear relationship between alcohol and culpability. In contrast, there was no significant increase in culpability for cannabinoids alone."
REFERENCE: Accident Analysis and Prevention 32(5): 613-622. Longo, MC; Hunter, CE; Lokan, RJ; White, JM; and White, MA. (2000a).
http://www.grotenhermen.com/driving/longo1.pdf

In a 2008 case study published by the International Association for Cannabis as Medicine that explored the potential for THC to have positive effects on attention-deficit disorder, the report's authors concluded that cannabis use could mitigate problems with inattention and lead to "enhanced driving related performance."

The Effect Of Cannabis Compared With Alcohol On Driving
Although cognitive studies suggest that cannabis use may lead to unsafe driving, experimental studies have suggested that it can have the opposite effect. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2009
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2722956/

Why Medical Marijuana Laws Reduce Traffic Deaths
No differences were found during the baseline driving segment (and the) collision avoidance scenarios,
REFERENCE: Research published in the Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2010
http://healthland.time.com/2011/12/02/why-medical-marijuana-laws-reduce-traffic-deaths/

Top 10 Reasons Marijuana Users Are Safer Drivers
20 years of study has concluded that marijuana smokers may actually have fewer accidents than other drivers.
http://www.4autoinsurancequote.com/uncategorized/reasons-why-marijuana-users-are-safe-drivers/

Risk of severe driver injury by driving with psychoactive substances
"The study found that those with a blood alcohol level of 0.12% were over 30 times more likely to get into a serious accident than someone whos consumed any amount of cannabis. .. The least risky drug seemed to be cannabis and benzodiazepines and Z-drugs."
REFERENCE: Accident Analysis & Prevention; Volume 59, October 2013, Pages 346356
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001457513002315

Cannabis: Summary Report
Cannabis alone, particularly in low doses, has little effect on the skills involved in automobile driving.
REFERENCE: Canadian Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs
http://tinyurl.com/o7dmm2g

Acute cannabis consumption and motor vehicle collision risk
"There is no evidence that consumption of cannabis alone increases the risk of culpability for traffic crash fatalities or injuries for which hospitalization occurs, and may reduce those risks."
REFERENCE: British Medical Journal, 1999; M. Bates and T. Blakely

Marijuana-DUI Case Tossed by Arizona Supreme Court in Metabolite Ruling
"Because the legislature intended to prevent impaired driving, we hold that the 'metabolite' reference in [the law] is limited to any of a proscribed substance's metabolites that are capable of causing impairment . . . Drivers cannot be convicted of the . . . offense based merely on the presence of a non-impairing metabolite that may reflect the prior usage of marijuana."
http://tinyurl.com/msq7umr

Landmark Study Finds Marijuana Is Not Linked to Car Crashes
http://reason.com/blog/2015/02/09/landmark-study-finds-marijuana-is-not-li

Stoned drivers are a lot safer than drunk ones, new federal data show
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2015/02/09/stoned-drivers-are-a-lot-safer-than-drunk-ones-new-federal-data-show/

Study of Fatal Car Accidents Shows Medical Marijuana May Help Curb Opioid Use
Since Passing Medical Marijuana Laws, States Have Seen Lower Numbers of Fatal Car Crashes Involving Opioids
https://www.mailman.columbia.edu/public-health-now/news/study-fatal-car-accidents-shows-medical-marijuana-may-help-curb-opioid-use

US Traffic Fatalities, 19852014, and Their Relationship to Medical Marijuana Laws
Results. On average, MML states had lower traffic fatality rates than non-MML states. Medical marijuana laws were associated with immediate reductions in traffic fatalities in those aged 15 to 24 and 25 to 44 years, and with additional yearly gradual reductions in those aged 25 to 44 years.
http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2016.303577

"Stick all *that* in your pipe and smoke it!"

Update: In Preventing Drugged Driving Must Become a National Priority Equivalent to Preventing Drunk Driving, 2015 National Drug Control Strategy ended up admitting that The study found that marijuana users are more likely to be involved in accidents, but that the increased risk may be due in part because marijuana users are more likely to be in high-risk groups for becoming involved in crashes (e.g., young males).

Update 2: "Study: Driving Stoned Wont Make You Much More Likely to Crash"
A new study from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says smoking pot does not have a significant effect on a persons ability to drive.
http://www.lamag.com/driver/study-stoned-driving-poses-minimal-crash-risks/

Researchers in Norway say past studies about THC-positive drivers involved in motor vehicle accidents have failed to adequately control for other variables. In other words, authors have been quick to jump on cannabis as the cause - even when it may not have been. The researchers, who are set to publish their findings in the journal Addiction, reviewed more than 20 driving culpability studies and two meta-analyses published between 1982 and 2015. They adjusted the numbers and found acute cannabis intoxication increased crash risk only moderately - by about 20 to 40 percent, or an odds ratio of between 1.2 and 1.4.

By comparison, the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that driving with legal amounts of alcohol in ones system increases crash risk almost fourfold (an odds ratio of 3.93). Fun fact: Even the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, a federal agency, acknowledges its difficult to establish a relationship between a person's THC blood or plasma concentration and performance impairing effects.

Posted by Steve Weber on 05/20/2017 at 9:28 AM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

@Michael Milburn - You say:

>>>"DRUID allows marijuana users (or others who drink alcohol, use prescription drugs, etc.) to self-assess their own level of impairment and (hopefully) decide against driving if they are impaired. Prior to DRUID, there was no way for an individual to accurately assess their own level of impairment. "

Not true. - Marijuana consumers already do a good job of "assessing their level of impairment." - That's part of the reason this is a non-problem. - Marijuana doesn't affect judgement as alcohol does. - Consumers know how impaired they are and usually OVER COMPENSATE for it if it exists - choosing NOT to drive or driving extra cautiously if they have to drive.

Bottom line - marijuana is not a significant cause of auto accidents.

Posted by John Thomas on 05/20/2017 at 8:24 AM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

The Prohibitionists are going to push a "per se" level of 5 ng/mL of THC in the blood--legislation like this must be opposed, since the NHTSA acknowledges that blood THC does not predict impairment. We need impairment testing to stop per se laws.
That is why I have developed a new public health app that measures impairment--it is called DRUID (an acronym for DRiving Under the Influence of Drugs) available now in the Apple App Store (Android version coming soon). DRUID measures reaction time, decision making, hand-eye coordination, time estimation and balance, and then statistically integrates hundreds of data points into an overall impairment score. DRUID takes just 5 minutes (and the 2-minute version will be part of the DRUID app in a week or two).

Our website is www.druidapp.com

DRUID allows marijuana users (or others who drink alcohol, use prescription drugs, etc.) to self-assess their own level of impairment and (hopefully) decide against driving if they are impaired. Prior to DRUID, there was no way for an individual to accurately assess their own level of impairment. DRUID also demonstrates that it is feasible to measure impairment reliably by the roadside, not just exposure to a drug.

DRUID was recently featured on NPRs All Things Considered: http://www.npr.org/2017/01/25/511595978/can-sobriety-tests-weed-out-drivers-whove-smoked-too-much-weed

Also on television: http://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2017/02/28/science-lags-behind-marijuana-impairment-testing/

After obtaining my Ph.D. at Harvard, I have been a professor of psychology at UMass/Boston for the past 40 years, specializing in research methods, measurement and statistics.

Michael Milburn, Professor
Department of Psychology
UMass/Boston

Posted by Michael Milburn on 05/20/2017 at 5:28 AM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

One of the most respected researchers in traffic safety is the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. - In 2015, they produced the Drug and Alcohol Crash Risk report which found that while drunken driving dramatically increased the risk of getting into an accident, there was no evidence that using marijuana heightened that risk.

In fact, after adjusting for age, gender, race and alcohol use, the report found that drivers who had recently consumed marijuana were no more likely to crash than drivers who were not intoxicated at all.

This has been confirmed by the preponderance of the research, which shows marijuana consumption is NOT a significant cause of auto accidents.

Posted by John Thomas on 05/20/2017 at 2:44 AM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

What studies have been done using car simulators? Reaction times are surely quantifiable under these conditions so given enough subjects in straight & stoned states we can build up a reasonable objective database.

It's a serious subject that requires serious study.

Posted by Sam Durrango on 05/20/2017 at 1:52 AM

Re: “The Berkeley Bluegrass Festival Returns To Freight & Salvage

Correction:
Tessa Schwartz (not Tracy Schwartz) is the name of the fiddler in 35 Year of Trouble. Helen Lude (not Lundee) is the multi-instrumentalist in the same band.

Posted by Laurie B Lewis on 05/20/2017 at 12:40 AM

Re: “Neptune's Brings Farm-to-Table Credentials to Alameda

Sounds really good but when did breakfast pricing ascend to dinner prices? Not family friendly to average folks or to retirees for that matter. Love trying new restaurants but find ourselves staying home more and more.

Posted by Francesca M. Austin on 05/19/2017 at 7:24 PM

Re: “Oakland Officials Are Divided Over a Proposal to Create a New Department of Violence Prevention

Who's relatives/friends of Reid/McElhaney will be appointed to this board? Nothing like having government creating more government for non-performing tasks.

Posted by Robert Hope on 05/19/2017 at 7:23 PM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

New study shows no link between marijuana use and car accidents, http://college.usatoday.com/2015/02/17/new-study-shows-no-link-between-marijuana-use-and-car-accidents/

It Turns Out That Smoking Marijuana May Actually Make You A Safer Driver, http://www.businessinsider.com/it-turns-out-that-smoking-marijuana-may-actually-make-you-a-better-driver-2011-12
How Much Does Marijuana Impact Your Driving? http://time.com/3930541/marijuana-impact-driving/

Stoned drivers are a lot safer than drunk ones, new federal data show https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/02/09/stoned-drivers-are-a-lot-safer-than-drunk-ones-new-federal-data-show/?utm_term=.a9abfcd550f8

Posted by Michael H Stenz on 05/19/2017 at 4:25 PM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

They're testing is based on junk science there is only two type of THC out of 12, that is phycoactive, one is THCa once heated at 156^c converts to THC that is phycoactive the second is THCV which activates at 106^c and gets destroyed at 112^c and has lost its activeness above this temperature which is what they test for, the 9 known types of delta-9, 2 known types of delta-8, and 1 delta-7.

In addition to that, medical testing labs are not testing for THCV. They are testing for the presence of 11-Nor-9-Carboxy-THC aka 11-OH-THC/11-COOH-THC aka THC-OH/THC-COOH, a secondary metabolite of THC that is broken down by the liver when consumed. Depending on the accuracy of the testing equipment, they can further isolate 11-OH-THC and 11-COOH-THC to determine if the exposure was recent. When only 11-COOH-THC is present, the use would have been some time ago, but when both 11-OH-THC and 11-COOH-THC are present, the exposure would have been much more recent This is a great report on the entire breakdown of all the phytocannabinoids in cannabis but is not active at the time of testing. http://www.medicinalgenomics.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Chemical-constituents-of-cannabis.pdf

Posted by Michael H Stenz on 05/19/2017 at 4:24 PM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

According to the latest research cannabis doesn't impair the driver even if they have (3) times the 5 nano limit set by most states that have a cannabis DUI law.
The research reports that having THC in ones system,,even fresh,doesn't prove impairment.

What does prove impairment is a roadside sobriety test done in front of the dash cam on the patrol car,,and it doesn't matter what causes the impairment.

Posted by claygooding on 05/19/2017 at 3:32 PM

Re: “It's OK To Demand More Control And More Flavor From Your Cannabis Edible

Edibles dont have to have to look identical to other food. There are solutions out there! Edible manufacturers can use wafer paper, lazers, etc. to mark their products. The best part about using Cannacals is they dont require expensive equipment.
www.bakedsmart.org

Posted by Chase Rader on 05/19/2017 at 1:11 PM

Re: “The Future of Driving, Marijuana, And Being Stoned Behind The Wheel

This topic is always full of anecdotes. US DOT did an actual driving study that no one hears about because it didn't show marijuana to have that dangerous of an effect on driving performance, no worse than cold medicine in my opinion. If you actually care here is a link: https://ntl.bts.gov/lib/25000/25800/25867/DOT-HS-808-078.pdf

Posted by Paul W on 05/19/2017 at 11:10 AM

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