Thursday, August 11, 2016

DEA Fails To Reschedule Marijuana: Five Things You Need To Know

by David Downs
Thu, Aug 11, 2016 at 9:38 AM

Marijuana will remain officially among the most dangerous drugs in the world, as per a decision by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration announced this morning.

The DEA has formally denied two petitions to “re-schedule” pot down from its place atop the list of the world’s most dangerous drugs, stating that there’s not enough science to prove pot has some medical use or a lower potential for abuse than they thought.

Keeping an eye on the green. - D.E.A.
  • D.E.A.
  • Keeping an eye on the green.

Instead, the DEA promised to end its monopoly on the only supplies of pot deemed worthy of research. Up until now, the DEA only allowed one government-licensed medical pot farm, at the University of Mississippi.

Under the new rules, many more licensed farms could exist, and provide researchers the weed they need to get pot rescheduled once and for all.

John Hudak with Brookings put together a great explainer on how more research pot farms could accomplish marijuana law reformers’ goals, just at a more incremental pace. Here’s five things to know:

1) Rescheduling Isn’t Salvation or Damnation
Changing pot’s official federal status changes little on the ground in the now 37 medical pot states, who are going their own way.

“All those who believed rescheduling would be manna from Heaven, or the devil incarnate tossing the cannabis industry into eternal flames, exaggerated a minor administrative action.”

2) Ending the Monopoly on Research Weed is a Big Effing Deal
The DEA has been under broad, bipartisan and even State Department pressure to end its stranglehold on so-called research weed. After decades of opposition — they’ve caved. It’s historic.

“The government was complicit in holding science back and the monopoly was largely to blame. While the result was not a malicious effort from the grower(s) charged with administering the monopoly, the results of the policy were dangerous for the empirical study of cannabis, nonetheless.”

3) More Research Farms = More Pressure on DEA
Hudak confirms cannabis policy is trapped in a "Catch-22" where researchers are not allowed to prove cannabis should be allowed to be researched.

“Ending the DEA-mandated NIDA monopoly will mean that better, more careful, more precise, more theoretically-driven research can be conducted. That means better, more convincing answers to one of the central questions in this policy space: does marijuana have medical value.”

4) 'Schedule 1' Marijuana Remains Doomed
Widely considered a farce by both physicians and lawmakers, cannabis’ Schedule 1 status is more about bureaucratic lag than scientific validity. About 60 percent of Americans support legalizing pot, including a majority of doctors. A super-majority supports medical use. Hundreds of studies attest to both its medical efficacy and low potential for abuse.

“The days of prohibition, the days of public fear of marijuana, and the days of a public agreeing that marijuana is as dangerous as heroin or LSD have come to an end. In the process, policies like marijuana’s Schedule I status have adopted a very short shelf-life,” Hudak writes.

5) DEA Rejection Is A Windfall for Legalizers
A bigger DEA victory could have been used to take wind out state-level legalization efforts. The argument being, 'why rush ahead at the state level when the feds are coming around?' Instead, marijuana law reform groups could seize on the DEA's overt rejection of science, reason, public and doctor opinion to energize reform efforts over the next 88 days until the election. 

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Anti-Legalizers Sue California Over Prop 64 Ballot Language

by David Downs
Wed, Aug 10, 2016 at 10:06 AM


Time for some legalization lawsuit tit-for-tat, folks.

Supporters of cannabis prohibition sued the California Secretary of State on August 4, alleging voters could be misled about legalization initiative Proposition 64.

The ballot arguments for and against the Adult Use of Marijuana Act will go to the courts this week.
  • The ballot arguments for and against the Adult Use of Marijuana Act will go to the courts this week.

No on 64 alleges that Yes on Prop. 64's ballot arguments are false and misleading for two reasons: 1) TV advertising; and 2) pot delivery services.

When voters get their sample ballots, Prop. 64’s arguments in favor state that: “Nothing in 64 makes it legal to show marijuana ads on TV. Federal law prohibits it!”

The Prop. 64 arguments also state that: “Sale of nonmedical marijuana will be legal only at highly-regulated, licensed marijuana businesses, and only adults 21+ will be permitted to enter.”

But opponents of the measure — which allows adults 21 and over to carry one ounce in public and grow six plant at home — are saying those statements are false.

“The first statement is false and misleading because the initiative specifically contemplates TV advertising.  In fact, although Prop 64 includes an exhaustive list of advertising prohibitions – it does NOT include television broadcast.  In addition, the measure even spells out exactly how the television piece would work:

‘Any advertising or marketing placed in broadcast, cable, radio, print and digital communications shall only be displayed where at least 71. 6 percent of the audience is reasonably expected to be 21 years of age or older, as determined by reliable, up-to-date audience composition data.’

No on 64 says the second statement about where legal sales can occur is false and misleading because “Proposition 64 does much more than allow sale of marijuana in brick and mortar retail stores.  Proposition 64 also authorizes sale by delivery service.”

But on its face, both of No on 64’s lawsuit claims seem to lack merit.

Regarding the first claim, Prop 64 cannot make it legal to show pot ads radio or TV, which are federally controlled. If the feds suddenly legalize pot, Prop 64 actually protects consumers by saying where the ads could run.

The second disputed claim is factually accurate: “sale of non-medical marijuana will be legal only at highly-regulated, licensed marijuana businesses”. It in no way implies those businesses are only brick-and-mortar, in an era where Americans get literally everything delivered.

Here is the link to the No on Prop. 64 lawsuit.

Earlier last week, Yes on 64 started the legal challenges by filing suit alleging No on 64 was making false and misleading arguments on the ballot.  That lawsuit has much more merit. Led by Sen. Diane Feinstein, the No on Prop. 64 ballot arguments state that the law will expose children “to ads promoting marijuana gummy candy and brownies.”

In reality, Prop. 64 prohibits pot products “designed to be appealing to children or easily confused with commercially sold candy or foods," the law states Prop. 64 has four explicit separate child protection provisions.

“[I]t is provably false to suggest children will in any way be exposed to advertisements promoting marijuana gummy candy or brownies,” Prop. 64 states.

No on 64’s lawsuit goes to a hearing on Friday at 11 a.m. in Superior Court in Sacramento County.

Monday, August 8, 2016

Marijuana Legalization Proponents Sue Sen. Dianne Feinstein Over Proposition 64

by David Downs
Mon, Aug 8, 2016 at 8:04 AM

Lying about the potential impacts of marijuana legalization is often par-for-the-course for law enforcement, but this election season reformers are calling foul.

Time is not on her side: "DINO" Sen. Dianne Feinstein
  • Time is not on her side: "DINO" Sen. Dianne Feinstein
The proponents of California legalization initiative Proposition 64 announced Thursday a lawsuit against their opposition for making false and misleading statements to the public.

The official “Arguments in Opposition to Prop. 64” contain false and misleading statements regarding advertising and consumer protections, according to Prop. 64 supporters.

“Defenders of the failed war on marijuana are entitled to their own opinions but not their own facts,” stated Jason Kinney, spokesperson for Yes on 64, in a release. “More so than any I’ve seen in recent memory, the ballot arguments submitted with a straight face by the opponents fundamentally and factually misrepresent this ballot measure and are riddled with obvious falsehoods. These aren’t evidence-based arguments – they are scare tactics – and they’re sadly reminiscent of the ‘reefer madness’-style disinformation campaigns that subverted honest dialogue around this issue for decades.”

“California’s voters demand and deserve better – and I have every confidence that an objective legal authority will reject these false and misleading statements out of hand,” he stated.
Prop. 64’s lawsuit demands that the official “Argument Against Proposition 64 or the Rebuttal to the Argument in Favor in Proposition 64” be rejected, deleted, or substantially amended.

Prop. 64 is a marijuana decriminalization and regulation measure that would allow adults 21 and over to possess up to one ounce of bud in public and grow six plants. The multibillion-dollar cannabis industry would be subject to first-ever consumer protection regulations and licensure.

Prop. 64 is one of the most endorsed legalization initiatives of all time, with support from the California Academy of Preventative Medicine; the California Medical Association; sitting California Lt Gov. Gavin Newsom; bipartisan elected officials including Democratic U.S. Reps. Ted Lieu and Jared Huffman and Republican U.S. Rep Dana Rohrabacher; and an unprecedented coalition of environmental, business owners, small farmers, civil rights, public safety and social justice groups. 

According to campaign-finance reports, The No on Prop 64 is primarily comprised of groups affected by the end of the war on weed — such as prison bosses, police chiefs, rehab clinics, prescription drug makers and alcohol interests — who stand to lose billions of dollars on legalization's shift away from arrests, prison, pills and booze. About 20,000 Californians will be arrested and adjudicated for pot this year, at a cost of about $100 million in tax dollars, state officials report.

The Prop. 64 lawsuit names opposition leader Sen. Dianne Feinstein and other argument authors. In the argument against, Feinstein says Prop. 64 will expose children “to ads promoting marijuana gummy candy and brownies.”

In reality, Prop. 64 prohibits pot products “designed to be appealing to children or easily confused with commercially sold candy or foods," the ballot initiative states. Prop. 64 also bans weed ads aimed at people under 21.

“[I]t is provably false to suggest children will in any way be exposed to advertisements promoting marijuana gummy candy or brownies,” Prop. 64 states.

Prop. 64’s foes also misstate the initiative would “repeal countless consumer protections,” when in fact “it builds on those laws and protections.”

Opponents of prohibition’s end also argue Prop. 64 “rolls back the total prohibition of smoking ads on TV.” That’s false, since multiple federal laws, not state laws, control advertising on television stations, which are federally licensed.

Opponents of marijuana law reform have begun to lean heavily on "what about the children" arguments.

Pro-cannabis groups are also claiming to speak for children. Moms United To End the War on Drugs states that the "country's failed drug policies" have wrecked havoc on the American family.

"Over 30,000 people are in prison in California for a drug offense; two-thirds for a possession offense," Moms United noted.

The No on 64 campaign is currently paying for targeted Google ads stating, that Prop 64: "Legalizes smoking ads on TV in CA."


Friday, August 5, 2016

Bay Area Weed Authors Throw Free Book Party 'Lit LIT!' Aug. 17

by David Downs
Fri, Aug 5, 2016 at 12:01 PM

lit lit new pot book author showcase flyer

Once a taboo topic, marijuana-related books now flood American stores, promising everything from gardening and cooking tips, to hours of stoned coloring joy.

On Thursday, August 17 in San Francisco, hundreds of Bay Area cannabis fans and allies celebrate the bumper crop of books with the free event Lit LIT! — The New Pot Book Author Showcase, featuring leading voices, free food, drink, music, readings, signs and book sales. Coming to 60 13th St. #D in San Francisco — the headquarters of the Meadow pot tech company, Lit LIT! includes interviews and panel discussion with:

Just in time for the legalization vote, Ed Rosenthal’s Big Book of Buds Greatest Hits distills the best-selling series into 95 essential, commercially available strains, with gorgeous, mouth-watering art high resolutions photos and insider tips on cultivation. Chief editor Ellen Holland updated and curated the reference book. Holland coordinates the content for Cannabis Now Magazine, the first marijuana magazine available on iTunes with publications now available at airports nationwide, and is working with Rosenthal on the 2017 release This Bud’s for You: Selecting, Growing and Enjoying Legal Marijuana.

World-class cannabis expert Chris Conrad teaches at Oaksterdam University and the International Pharmacological Academy and has given numerous presentations for continuing legal education (CLE) and continuing medical education (CME) programs. Conrad and Daw’s “The Newbies Guide to Cannabis & The Industry” helps direct the wave of green rush entrants toward success in the industry, which will generate $40 billion in economic activity by 2020. Daw graduated Harvard Law School and also authored Weed the People: From Founding Fiber to Forbidden Fruit.

Best-selling author and award-winning journalist David Downs wrote The Medical Marijuana Guidebook at the request of patients now living in U.S.' 37 medical marijuana states.

Called 'America's medical pot whisperer', Downs reaches a combined two million readers per month through his outlets, including the East Bay Express, Smell the Truth on, CULTURE Magazine, Cannabis Now Magazine, and The Hash podcast.  Downs contributed to 2014’s best-selling Beyond Buds by Ed Rosenthal with David Downs, and releases Marijuana Harvest by Ed Rosenthal and David Downs this Fall. Downs is producing Lit LIT! as part of a three-year-old author event series.

“Every author appearing is a huge book nerd at heart. It’s a privilege to be able to combine both the love of scholarship, the love of cannabis, and help change lives for the better,” he said.

The 2016 book authors will be joined in conversation with special surprise guests, before breaking for book sales, signings, and refreshments 6:00-8:00 p.m. Thursday.

The free event is reachable via BART’s 16th St. station and a 10-minute walk.

The event is made possible in part by media sponsors: East Bay Express - Legalization Nation; Smell the Truth on; Cannabis Now Magazine; Quick American Publishing; Reset.Me alternative health journal; The Hash podcast; as well industry sponsors like Meadow technology; the Berkeley Patients Group dispensary in Berkeley; Bay Area C.R.A.F.T. delivery and readers like you.

Stay tuned for more sponsors and guests. And RSVP for your place at Lit LIT! using eventbrite.

Monday, August 1, 2016

Las Vegas Now A Bust for Most California Medical Pot Patients

by David Downs
Mon, Aug 1, 2016 at 10:41 AM

What happens in Vegas has to happen in Vegas, guys.

This week, the Nevada medical-cannabis industry is reeling from the news that Nevada pot shops cannot serve the biggest patient-base in the world: Californians with a doctor’s referral.

Las Vegas, via Flickr. - VIA BOB DASS - FLICKR
  • via Bob Dass - Flickr
  • Las Vegas, via Flickr.
Only Californians with an official state medical pot ID card can take advantage of Nevada’s “reciprocity” law, whereby out-of-state patients can buy legal medical pot, the Nevada Attorney General announced.

The Nevada AG’s new clarification makes Vegas a bust for Californians hoping to do some casual drug tourism. Californians comprise up to 40 percent of sales at some Nevada medical pot shops, the Las Vegas Sun reports

Most Californians simply get a doctor’s recommendation for medical cannabis, and do not complete the optional second step of signing up for a state ID card with their county.

"While there are estimates that as many as 2 million California residents have physician recommendations, the state has issued fewer than 100,000 cards," notes, New Cannabis Ventures.   A recommendation picked up on the Venice boardwalk, or via iPhone, or even Stanford Medical Center won’t cut the mustard in Nevada anymore.

“A recommendation from a California physician ad (sic) a driver’s license from another state cannot be used to obtain medical marijuana from a Nevada dispensary,” Attorney General Adam Laxalt told state health officials.

Even a completed application for a California state medical cannabis ID card will not work — you need the real thing, Laxalt stated.

Nevada officials are grappling with heated consumer and business demand for Sin City weed tourism, where "420 Tours” have taken out-of-state customers to: 

“obtain a medical marijuana doctor’s note through a Skype chat with a California doctor in the back seat of his “Cannabus” SUV. The patients, frequently picked up on the Strip, describe their symptoms, receive a doctor’s recommendation printed on the spot and are taken to a Las Vegas dispensary of their choice, sometimes all in a span of less than 15 minutes."

“You have to say some kind of pain or insomnia or something like that,” said Oregon resident and 420 Tours customer Swan Rhodes, 26, earlier this year. “Just give them something.”

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Monday, July 25, 2016

Fake 'Organic' Pot Gardening Products Yanked From Oregon Stores

by David Downs
Mon, Jul 25, 2016 at 11:11 AM

America’s reckoning with its significantly tainted cannabis supply continues this month as officials in the new legalization state of Oregon issued “stop sale and removal orders” on fourteen products that violate organic labelling standards.

Humboldt Roots products are being pulled from shelves in Oregon after a Washington lab found they contained levels of unlabelled active pesticide.
  • Humboldt Roots products are being pulled from shelves in Oregon after a Washington lab found they contained levels of unlabelled active pesticide.

Cannabis is a $2,000-per-pound cash crop often sprayed with dubious chemicals to save a harvest from infection and or infestation by mold, mildew, fungus, spider mites, aphids and other insects.

Under prohibition, consumers have no protections against pesticide exposure. But under medical and adult-use regulations, that protection is coming online.

To date, the leading governing body, the Environmental Protection Agency, has not certified any pesticides for use on cannabis — which is often smoked and inhaled into the lungs.

Of the 36 medical cannabis states, more than a dozen have promulgated pesticide guidelines — and some are fining dirty growers, and taking mislabelled products off the shelf.

On July 20, Oregon Department of Agriculture officials told stores to stop selling and remove 14 products sold in Oregon found to contain undeclared pesticide active ingredients. The findings came from Washington labs, and “in an abundance of caution, ODA issued its orders and is currently sampling and testing these products sold in Oregon.”

The products are:
  • Vita Grow Thunder Boom– Marco Industries, Inc. dba American Agriculture, Portland, OR
  • OG Rapid Flower + Hardener– Crop Specific Solutions, Rockingham, Western Australia
  • Humboldt Roots– Humboldt Nutrients LLC, Paso Robles, CA
  • Safergro Mildew Cure for Powdery Mildew Control– JH Biotech, Ventura, CA
  • Olivia’s Cloning Gel– Olivia’s Solutions, Inc., Santa Rosa, CA
  • The Hammer– Plantlife Products, Kelowna, BC
  • Frost Protection Plus– Rambridge Wholesale Supply, Calgary, AB
  • Rock Resinator Heavy Yields– Rock Holdings Pty Ltd., Perth, Western Australia
  • SNS 217C All Natural Spider Mite Control– Sierra Natural Science, Inc., Salinas, CA
  • Root 66 1-1-1– Technaflora Plant Products Ltd., Mission, BC
  • Optic Foliar AT-AK, Optic Foliar Overgrow, Optic Foliar Switch– Tulsi Enterprises Ltd., Surrey, BC
  • Pyyro K 0-3-7– Van de Uber Marketing and Manufacturing, Port Moody, BC
Pesticide makers must accurately provide the active ingredients of a products on its label — which is registered with the EPA. Yet Washington officials found the products contained unlabelled active pesticides like:
  • salicylic acid (found in acne cream); 
  • paclobutrazol (a fungicide which may cause reproductive/development effects), 
  • 6-benzylaminopurine (a poison to humans); 
  • indole-3-butyric acid (not registered for use as inhaled pesticide); 
  • ethephon (toxic to animals); 
  • napthaleneacetic acid (a dietary risk); 
  • and pyrethrins (a ‘low toxicity’ insecticide that is dangerous if inhaled).
Starting August 1, Humboldt County will conduct a pilot track and trace program that will allow consumers to check and see if their cannabis is “Clean Green-certified” — meaning the crop meets OMRI certification levels for organic growing.

Mot California medical-cannabis supplies are not tested for residual pesticides — due to the cost of testing small batches for dozens of potential chemical traces; and lack of mandatory pesticide screening at the local or state level.

Wednesday, July 20, 2016

California’s Best Hash Venerated, Vaped at Chalice Awards

by David Downs
Wed, Jul 20, 2016 at 11:07 AM

California’s best in hash, wax, rosin, oil and other medical marijuana extracts emerged from a crowded playing field to take top trophies at the “Chalice California” hash and water pipe festival last weekend.

More …

Monday, July 18, 2016

Marijuana Laws On The Ballot in Seven States And Climbing This November Election

by David Downs
Mon, Jul 18, 2016 at 10:16 AM

With interest in topics like “marijuana” and “cannabis” hitting all-time high levels according to Google Trends, nine states in the U.S. will vote on marijuana measures in the world’s most important general election Nov. 8, according to the Ballot Initiative Strategy Center

Medical marijuana: that'll be 7.5 percent sales tax, please. - DAVID DOWNS
  • David Downs
  • Medical marijuana: that'll be 7.5 percent sales tax, please.
Voters in California, Florida, Nevada, Massachusetts, Maine, Arizona, and Arkansas will definitely be casting a ballot to affect cannabis policy in their state. Voters in Missouri, Montana, and North Dakota have submitted signatures to place marijuana proposals on the ballot, while Oklahoma has cleared to circulate a last-minute measure.

In California, philanthropist/technologist Sean Parker has augmented his efforts to help cure cancer with another $1.25 million this month for Prop 64 — a coalition measure to legalize one ounce in public and six plants in private in the world’s seventh largest economy. Prop 64 added the endorsement of major cannabis rapper Smoke DZA, as well as the major union the UFCW in recent weeks.

In Florida, anti-medical marijuana attack ads funded by GOP super-funder Sheldon Adelson are taking aim at a proposal supported by a super-majority of voters there. Florida’s one percent denied its poorest citizens access to the safe analgesic last election.

In Nevada, Adelson bought the major newspaper Las Vegas Review-Journal and re-educated its editorial board to reverse their pro-legalization stance. The publisher took credit for reversing the publication’s position, and said the Adelson family was not involved.

In Massachusetts, activists have raised enough signatures and won state Supreme Court approval of their ballot language for the 'Legalization, Regulation, and Taxation of Marijuana' this month.

In Maine, legalization will be the first question on the ballot. Marijuana Policy Project director Rob Kampia told canna-business people in Oakland in June that Maine legalizers have both little opposition and little funding.

In Arizona, voters there are set to decide on graduating from medical regulations to adult-use, though police will still be able to conduct searches based on cannabis smell alone, the state's Supreme Court ruled this month.

And in Arkansas , Arkansans for Compassionate Care will take their proposal to the ballot box — part of the final push of medical cannabis into midwest and southern holdouts.

Ohio lawmakers already approved medical marijuana legalization this year rather than have the debate stink up the Republican Convention, Kampia said.

Cannabis is a losing issue for conservatives — whose old guard are adamantly anti-pot, while the party's future base widely supports legalization. This month, the GOP failed to add legalization to its party plank, while Democrats did.

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Wednesday, July 13, 2016

Amoeba Records’ Pot Club Plan Gets A Second Spin

by David Downs
Wed, Jul 13, 2016 at 11:40 AM

Global music brand Amoeba Records in Berkeley will get a replay of its bid to open a pot shop, thanks to a Berkeley City Council vote to add two more medical cannabis dispensaries last night.

Amoeba Berkeley
  • Amoeba Berkeley
The Telegraph Ave. music store and institution seems strongly positioned to obtain one of those two new permits. Berkeley lawmakers added the new permits during a consent calendar vote Tuesday night.

More …

Tuesday, July 12, 2016

Drug War is ‘Root Cause’ of Police Shooting Epidemic, says Libertarian Party Presidential Nominee Gary Johnson

by David Downs
Tue, Jul 12, 2016 at 8:09 AM

Former New Mexico Governor, and Libertarian Party nominee for president Gary Johnson added to the conversation after the Dallas Shootings in Friday.

A main reason for crumbling police-community relations is decades of enforcing what were ultimately racist drug laws designed in part to target minorities.

  • via US Marshalls on Flickr

“The root is the war on drugs, I believe. Police knocking down doors, shooting first,” Johnson told reporters Friday in Washington, according to Politico. “If you are (black and) arrested in a drug-related crime, there is four times more likelihood of going to prison than if you are white. And shooting is part of the same phenomenon.”

Blacks are arrested for pot in America at several times the rate of whites, despite similar levels of use, the ACLU reports. Drug crime is the most common arrest in America and pot crime is the most common type of drug arrest. About 700,000 Americans will be arrested this year for pot. Four states and Washington DC have legalized cannabis, as well as Washington DC. The Black police chief there, Cathy Lanier, said in 2015 that “all those [pot] arrests do is make people hate us.”

“Marijuana smokers are not going to attack and kill a cop,” Lanier reportedly said. “They just want to get a bag of chips and relax. Alcohol is a much bigger problem.”

“We’re asking cops to do too much in this country,” said Dallas Police Chief David Brown Monday. “Every societal failure, we put it off on the cops to solve,” Brown said, including mental health, drug addiction.

Pot laws have helped drive America’s incarceration epidemic to historic levels, where one in ten black men in their 30s are in prison.

“Seventy percent of the African American community is being raised by single women, let’s give it to the cops to solve that as well” said Chief Brown. “Policing was never meant to solve all those problems.”

“I just ask for other parts of our democracy along with the free press to help us,” Brown said. “To help us and not put that burden all on law enforcement.”

The Libertarian Party supports cannabis legalization and ending lengthy prison sentences for non-violent drug possession and use. For example, you can get up to 30 years prison for your first pot distribution offense in Louisiana.

“The focus on drugs needs to be as a health issue, not a criminal justice issue. It can be illegal but does it need to be criminal? Do you need to go to jail for drugs?” Johnson said. “I do believe that the root of the militarization, knocking on doors, is a drug war phenomenon.”

President Richard Nixon launched the war on drugs to target blacks and the anti-war-left, Harper’s reported in April. Nixon aide John Ehrlichman reportedly told journalist Dan Baum:

““You want to know what this was really all about? … We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities. We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? Of course we did.”

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