Friday, May 19, 2017

Former Tennis Pro Says East Bay Landlord Michael Marr Was Major Player in Scheme to Rig Foreclosure Auctions

by Darwin BondGraham
Fri, May 19, 2017 at 1:18 PM

Activists outside of Marr's Oakland office last year.
  • Activists outside of Marr's Oakland office last year.

Former tennis pro-turned real estate investor Douglas Ditmer testified in federal court today that one of the East Bay's biggest landlords, Michael Marr, was a key player in a massive scheme to rig foreclosure auctions between 2008 and 2011.

Marr's company, Community Realty, currently owns about 280 houses and small apartment buildings in Alameda County, according to public records. About 90 percent of these homes are located in Oakland. Many were obtained at foreclosure auctions.

See also: Trial Begins for East Bay Landlord Accused of Rigging Foreclosure Auctions

Ditmer admitted to participating in a conspiracy involving numerous investors who suppressed bidding on foreclosed homes at public auctions. The investors would later divvy the properties up at private auctions and pay each other kickbacks.

Although Ditmer already pleaded guilty, he is cooperating with the government in hopes of obtaining a more lenient sentence.

On the stand, Ditmer said Marr and his employees were frequently at the auctions, held on the steps of the Rene C. Davidson Courthouse in Oakland and the courthouse in Martinez, and that they participated in the bid rigging.

"There was a group of us that would cease to bid at the public auction, deliberately," Ditmer explained. "Then we would hold our own separate auction, called a round, and we divided the profits from these secondary auctions among ourselves."

By simply nodding his head at another bidder, Ditmer claimed he could drop out of a public auction for a specific property with the agreement to bid on it later in a private round.

The government contends that by agreeing to not bid against each other and cutting short the public auction, the investors could reduce the final price tags on properties. This cheated banks and taxpayers, as well as people who were participating in the foreclosure auctions but weren't in on the conspiracy.

Ditmer said approximately ten properties would be auctioned on an average day at each courthouse. As many as four could end up being diverted to the private rounds. This happened day after day, five days a week, for several years on end.

The government showed aerial pictures of the courthouses to the jurors and asked Ditmer to describe where the rounds would take place. Ditmer said the conspirators would conduct the rounds in locations just far enough away to maintain secrecy. In Oakland, one popular spot was the bus shelter on 12th and Fallon. Another spot was the grassy area across 13th Street.

"You could conceal yourself a little bit," he said about these locations.

But later, when the FBI began investigating the auctions, listening devices were placed in the bus shelter, and agents staked the area out in vehicles to secretly film Ditmer, Marr and others. Undercover FBI agents wearing wires also posed as bidders to gather evidence.

One of them, FBI Special Agent David Lewis, also testified today. Lewis told the jury he participated in 50 auctions in Alameda County and was able to participate in three of the illegal rounds.

When asked by a prosecutor to name some of the major players in the conspiracy to stop bidding at the public auctions and organize the private rounds, Ditmer identified Marr.

"He was one of the people out there involved in it," Ditmer said. He also identified Gregory Casorso and Javier Sanchez, two of Marr's close business associates as men who helped organized the bid rigging. Casorso and Sanchez are on trial along with Marr.

After some auctions, investors would go to Marr's Fruitvale Avenue offices in Oakland's Dimond District, to "settled up," meaning to determine how much money the winning bidder owed those who helped suppress bids, testified Ditmer. He told the jurors he paid Marr in some cases, and took payoffs from Marr in exchange for his participation in the bid rigging scheme.

Cash was the preferred means of making a payoff because, according to Ditmer, it was "untraceable," and payoffs were typically in the range of several thousands dollars.

In 2011 Ditmer was approached by two FBI agents who were part of an extensive investigation into the bid rigging conspiracies that were being organized by networks of investors at various foreclosure auctions throughout Northern California. He told the court he initially "was in a state of panic" and began destroying incriminating evidence, including bid sheets that named the participants of the private rounds. But after talking to an attorney, Ditmer held onto the evidence and eventually turned it over to federal prosecutors who are now using it to prosecute Marr and others.

In court today, prosecutors showed numerous bid sheets to jurors and had Ditmer identify the people who took part in the rounds.

According to one of the bid sheets, about a dozen investors agreed at the public auction to not bid on a foreclosed Shaw Street home in deep East Oakland. Later at the private round for the house, Marr's asssociate Casorso outbid Ditmer, who was only willing to pay an extra $18,400 for the property.

Another bid sheet for a house on Lake Chabot Road in Castro Valley included the initials "MM." Ditmer said this was Marr, who took part in the illegal round.

The trial of Marr, Casorso, and Sanchez is on its fourth day. Check back for updates on the trial in the comings weeks.

Monday, May 15, 2017

Trial Begins for East Bay Landlord Accused of Rigging Foreclosure Auctions

Defense attorneys complain tenants and protesters outside the courthouse may have 'tainted' jurors.

by Darwin BondGraham
Mon, May 15, 2017 at 7:03 PM

Michael Marr (right) and his attorneys outside Oakland's federal courthouse this afternoon.
  • Michael Marr (right) and his attorneys outside Oakland's federal courthouse this afternoon.

The trial of Michael Marr and two of his business associates, Gregory Casorso and Javier Sanchez, began today at a federal courthouse in Oakland. Marr, Casorso, and Sanchez are accused of rigging public auctions of foreclosed homes during the Great Recession.

See also: Oakland's Biggest Landlord is Fighting For His Life in Federal Court
See also: FBI Hid Surveillance Devices Around Alameda County Courthouse

Starting in 2008, Marr's company, Community Realty, purchased hundreds of single family homes at auctions held on courthouse steps in Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. In the process, Marr became one of the biggest landlords in Oakland.

His companies own numerous single family homes and small apartment buildings in East Oakland's flatlands. The feds allege that Marr and his associates conspired to suppress prices, thereby cheating banks and the public of the true value of the properties they acquired.

Marr was indicted by the feds two and half years ago.

Since then, some of Marr's tenants, and activists with the group ACCE, have alleged that Marr's properties are not well maintained, and that Marr has hit tenants with unsustainable rent increases.

Outside the federal courthouse this morning, protesters, including some of Marr's current and former tenants, set up a table and passed out fliers calling him a "slumlord" and accusing him of participating wrongful foreclosures and evictions.

The protesters briefly spoke to and handed some of the potential jurors fliers. A marshal guarding the entrance of the court told the protesters to relocate. The marshal told the Express later this afternoon that the protesters didn't seem to be aware they were interacting with potential members of the jury and they immediately relocated when told to do so.

But Martha Boersch, one of Marr's attorneys, said the protesters actions "could taint the case."

During jury selection, which took all day today, Boersch told U.S. District Judge Phyllis Hamilton and several dozen potential jurors in the courtroom that she is "very concerned about the impact the protesters may have had."

Only a few potential jurors said they read the fliers or listened to the protesters long enough to understand anything. Most of the jurors said they didn't see the protesters, and don't have prior knowledge about the foreclosure auctions and the case.

By the end of the day the final members of the jury were selected. Opening statements begin tomorrow.

Marr's attorneys have argued in court briefings that their client and his business associates did not engage in a conspiracy to suppress prices at the foreclosure auctions. Instead, they competed. And at other times they combined with one another to make bids they could not otherwise make. The defense has also submitted analysis to the court claiming that prices at the auctions were not lower during the time of the alleged conspiracy.

The government is expected to counter this with evidence including secret audio recordings taken by FBI agents on the courthouse steps during the auctions, as well as testimony from other men who participated in the alleged bid rigging conspiracy, and also economic analysis showing price suppression.

Check back for updates over the next several weeks.

Town Business: Landlords Defeat Bill to Preserve Oakland's SROs and Mayor Schaaf Will 'Set Aside' Soda Tax Revenue

by Darwin BondGraham
Mon, May 15, 2017 at 7:13 AM

Hotel Travelers is being converted into market rate rentals. - VIA GOOGLE MAPS
  • Via Google Maps
  • Hotel Travelers is being converted into market rate rentals.
Landlords defeat Oakland SRO housing bill: Legislation written by Assemblymember Rob Bonta that would have given the City of Oakland a powerful tool to preserve its single room occupancy hotels failed an assembly floor vote last week.

The bill's demise came after landlord and realtor groups lobbied against it.

AB 423 would have prevented owners of Oakland's SRO hotels from using the Ellis Act to evict tenants and turn these low-income housing units into condos, boutique hotels, offices, or to even demolish this crucial type of low-income housing.

Currently, state law only allows San Francisco and cities with a population above one million to preserve SRO housing by barring landlords from using the Ellis Act. Earlier this year, the Oakland City Council passed a temporary emergency moratorium on the conversion of SROs. That was only a temporary fix, however.

In 2004, Oakland had 31 SRO buildings with 2,285 units. Today, only eighteen hotels with 1,311 units remain. Some were converted to low-income permanent housing units. One was demolished. Others were transformed into boutique hotels, market-rate apartments, or student dorms.

Last year, residents of the 70-unit Hotel Travelers had to relocate after the new owner began demolishing the interior to rebuild it as a market-rate apartment building.

State affordable housing tax credits that have preserved three other Oakland SROs containing about 420 units will expire over the next 5-to-10 years, making them potential targets for conversion into more profitable types of housing or commercial space.

Social workers and housing policy experts say it's necessary to preserve Oakland's remaining SROs because they provide a crucial safety-net for those at risk of becoming homeless.

But state records show that lobbyists for Oakland's landlord group, the East Bay Rental Housing Association, spoke with members of the Assembly about Bonta's bill, as did the powerful California Apartment Association and the California Association of Realtors, just before it was voted down.

Mayor Schaaf's revised budget proposal. - CITY OF OAKLAND
  • City of Oakland
  • Mayor Schaaf's revised budget proposal.
Soda Tax:
Mayor Libby Schaaf appears to be reversing course on the question of how to spend the city's new $5.9 million per year Measure HH "soda tax" revenue.

In her initial budget proposal, published three weeks ago, Schaaf wanted to spend soda tax revenue from the general fund before the advisory board that's supposed to recommend how the money is spent is established. The mayor claimed she would allocate the money to programs that were in the spirit of what Measure HH called for, and what voters were promised: health education programs.

But critics said the move was tantamount to a "bait and switch," and that it was betraying the intent of the measure to allow the mayor to spend the money without the input, and oversight, of the advisory board.

Now Schaaf's revised budget says that all of the soda tax money will be "set aside" each year "for the Community Advisory Board to make recommendations on how to allocate the City's general funds to reduce the consumption of sugar...."

To balance her proposed budget without diverting the soda tax money into existing programs, Schaaf relies on new projected revenue increases, including another $2.3 million in property tax, and an extra $1.6 million in hotel tax.

Friday, May 12, 2017

Alameda Sheriff Deputy's Arrest of Street Fruit Vendor Goes Viral and Draws Criticism

by Darwin BondGraham
Fri, May 12, 2017 at 11:38 AM


Should the cops bust the guy peddling strawberries and mangos on the street corner?

A recently-taken photo of an Alameda County Sheriff's deputy arresting a produce vendor on a street corner in San Lorenzo has sparked an intense debate on social media.

Critics claim the photo shows selective enforcement of the law; demonstrates a waste of scarce police resources on a victimless crime; and represents the types of interactions that undermine police-community relations, especially with immigrant and Latino communities.

The sheriff's office responded to these criticism in a lengthy Facebook post last night: "Some people have used this photo as an opportunity to criticize law enforcement and drive a wedge between us and our immigrant, minority and low income communities," the post states. "Sometimes photos can be deceptive," the sheriff's office continued.

"Our deputy approached this man to advise him that it was illegal for him to sell produce on the corner. When the deputy asked the man for his identification he became resistive and tried to flee. Our intention here was not to arrest him or get in a confrontation with him. We learned, the man is on federal probation and is expected to follow all laws. This is likely the reason he tried to flee."

But this explanation is creating even more controversy.

The sheriff's Facebook post has gone viral, drawing over 900 comments and counting.

Many of those responding object to the sheriff's office using its resources to enforce street food vending laws.

Others are asking why they've never seen a sheriff's deputy crack down on the children's lemonade stands that are popular in the suburbs of Livermore and Dublin.

Still others say it's an example of racial profiling. And if the man is undocumented, he could now be a target of deportation, solely for selling fruit.

"It's a victimless crime. So much for the land of the free. Can't even sell the fruits of your labor," one person replied to the Facebook post.

The sheriff responded that fruit vendors are committing a quality of life crime, and that there isn't a similar problem with lemonade stands.

According to the Sheriff, unlicensed street fruit vendors take away sales from local businesses and can cause outbreaks of food-borne illnesses.

Under the law, a street food vendor has to obtain a permit from the county health office, as well as a business license.

But hundreds of comments responding to the sheriff's Facebook post object to any policing directed against street fruit vendors.

"You keep digging yourself deeper," one person wrote in response to the sheriff's explanations.

"The guy is trying to live...nobody is being harmed by him selling his produce. Recognize your role in the perpetual poverty cycle of people," wrote another person.

"This guy is screwed for nothing, and you have done this to him."

The Express contacted the sheriff's office to see if the man was charged with a crime and booked in jail. We also asked about the claim that he was on probation. Check back for updates.

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Oakland Schools and AC Transit Strike Deal to Maintain Student Bus Routes

by Darwin BondGraham
Thu, May 11, 2017 at 5:30 AM

  • Bert Johnson
AC Transit's board of directors voted last night to prevent the termination of bus services to Skyline High School, Montera Middle School, and the Community Day School, preserving what many parents say is a vital service.

The exact terms of the new deal aren't clear yet, but both the transit agency and public school district are reportedly contributing funds and altering schedules to maintain the bus routes.

See also: AC Transit to Cancel Supplemental OUSD School Bus Routes

The one-year agreement will extend seventeen bus lines that serve 1,615 students each day, transporting kids who live in Oakland's flatlands to and from schools in the hills.

In January, the Oakland Unified School District informed AC Transit that they would no longer be paying $2.5 million for the bus routes, provoking the AC Transit board of directors to threaten to cancel the services.

OUSD is the only school system, public or private, that pays AC Transit for the dedicated school bus services.

Kyla Johnson-Trammell. - OUSD
  • OUSD
  • Kyla Johnson-Trammell.
Since 1997 the state has provided funds to OUSD for these supplemental bus services, but according to OUSD officials, the legislature cut off this revenue. Facing a budget crisis this year, OUSD says it simply can't divert money to keep the lines running.

At the same time AC Transit's board was voting on the bus services, across town, OUSD's board announced the selection of the system's new superintendent. Kyla Johnson-Trammell, the OUSD's interim deputy superintendent of academic and social emotional learning, will succeed Antwan Wilson to lead Oakland schools.

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

Groups Call for More Spending on Housing, Homeless Services, and Worker Protections in Oakland Budget

by Darwin BondGraham
Tue, May 9, 2017 at 2:30 PM

Chris Jackson said more funds are needed for homeless services and affordable housing.
  • Chris Jackson said more funds are needed for homeless services and affordable housing.

A coalition of Oakland-based labor unions and nonprofits rallied on the steps of Oakland City Hall today calling for a city budget that spends more on affordable housing, homeless services, minimum wage enforcement, and arts and culture, among other things.

The groups said Mayor Libby Schaaf's proposed budget doesn't do enough to fund programs that benefit low-income Oaklanders.

"We need a budget that addresses displacement, homelessness, low wages, and that funds city services," said Gary Jimenez, the vice president of the union SEIU 1021, which represents city employees. Many SEIU 1021 members live in Oakland.

Jimenez said more money should be spent helping the city's contracts and compliance department investigate violations of the minimum wage and sick leave laws that were approved by voters in 2014. SEIU 1021 supported the minimum wage law.

Schaaf's proposed budget adds $291,000 to hire one extra contracts and compliance officer for minimum wage enforcement for the next two years.

But the groups also want a $500,000 contract with numerous nonprofits to be extended for another two years. The nonprofit contractors have done education and outreach for workers and employers about the minimum wage law, and helped investigate potential violations.

"Low wage workers are having hundreds of thousands, millions, stolen from them," said Derek Schoonmaker of Centro Legal de la Raza, one of the organizations that has worked with the city.

Chris Jackson, an activist with ACCE, said Oakland should be setting aside money to acquire buildings for low income housing, and to open a homeless services navigation center.

"We need to end the criminalization of our homeless," said Jackson. "Stop taking down their tents."

The mayor's budget proposal relies on $7 million in grant funding for homeless services, and proposes adding another $500,000 over the next two years from the general fund.

Business owner and former city councilmember from West Oakland, Nancy Nadel, said that the $250,000 increase in Schaaf's budget for homeless services is a "drop in the bucket" compared to what's necessary.

The groups are also calling for the creation of a "building acquisition fund" that could be used to purchase SRO hotels and operate them as low-income transitional housing for those at risk of becoming homeless.

Jimenez also said that the promises of Measure JJ, the strengthened rent control and evictions protections that Oakland voters approved last year, aren't being fulfilled because the city hasn't done enough outreach and education.

The groups said an additional $1.45 million should be spent on "eviction defense for tenants and enforcement of the Tenant Protection Ordinance," and they are also seeking an added $500,000 for emergency rental assistance for low-income tenants, among other things.

The city council will take up the budget at its May 16 meeting.

Monday, May 8, 2017

Town Business: Marijuana Is the Most Common Bust Oakland Cops Make When They Search Someone

by Darwin BondGraham
Mon, May 8, 2017 at 8:01 AM

For years, the Oakland police have documented every search of a person or vehicle they carry out as part of a larger effort to collect "stop data." Among other things, officers write down the race, gender, and age of the person they stop, whether they searched the person, and whether the search turned up anything illegal. All this information goes into a database which can be used to measure possible racial bias or other problems involving police stops.

And for years, OPD's stop data has shown that a substantial number of searches have turned up illicit drugs — i.e. narcotics. The implication is that these stops were justified and resulted in dangerous drugs being confiscated.

But OPD has traditionally lumped marijuana into a larger category that includes drugs like speed and heroin, calling it "narcotics and/or marijuana." So when an officer stops and searches someone and finds a few grams of pot, they can record the search in the database as having yielded narcotics.

The obvious problem is that marijuana is quickly being decriminalized. In fact, the City of Oakland is trying to turn marijuana into a big business, enticing weed manufacturers and distributors to set up here, and hoping that pot smokers will come to Oakland to buy their herb.

So why then are Oakland cops still busting people for possessing only marijuana? And how many of the people stopped and searched by OPD end up as a statistic in the police stop data each year?

Councilmember Rebecca Kaplan asked OPD to disaggregate the searches that turned up only marijuana from the data. A report on this will be heard at Tuesday night's Public Safety Committee meeting.

According to the department's report, they couldn't zero in on marijuana for most of the stop data they collected in 2016. It would just be too time consuming to look through every police report to tell which searches only turned up weed, and not also a narcotic like cocaine or methamphetamine.

But for a small sample of searches carried out between October 11 and December 31 last year, OPD was able to separate out the searches that turned up only pot.

The results show that the recovery of only marijuana during a search was the most common type of recovery of contraband. Seven percent of all searches yielded weed, and only weed.

By contrast, 5 percent of searches turned up a "narcotic," and 2 percent turned up a firearm.

  • Oakland Police Department

Thursday, May 4, 2017

City of Oakland to Settle Wrongful Attempted-Murder Conviction for $300,000

by Darwin BondGraham
Thu, May 4, 2017 at 11:06 AM

Ronald Ross.
  • Ronald Ross.
Ronald Ross was convicted in the 2006 attempted murder of Renardo Williams and spent nearly seven years in prison. Oakland's city attorney is now recommending that the city council settle a malicious-prosecution lawsuit for $300,000.

The 2006 case against Ross appeared to be a slam dunk. The Oakland police and Alameda County District Attorney alleged that Ross went to Williams' apartment in West Oakland's Campbell Village housing complex and shot him with a .22 in the stomach.

Williams, while he was recovering in Highland Hospital, identified Ross' photo when Oakland police Sgt. Steve Lovell showed him a lineup of six faces.

And another witness who was with Williams at the time of the shooting also fingered Ross as the gunman.

Ross was arrested and convicted by a jury. His sentence was to 32 years-to-life.

But then the Northern California Innocence Project and attorneys with the Keker Van Nest law firm took up Ross' case.

They alleged that Williams and another witness perjured their testimony. They also claimed that Lovell botched the case by influencing the witnesses to identify Ross, and that Lovell failed to pursue another lead on a different suspect.

Ross believes that the Oakland police fabricated testimony against him. As evidence of this, his attorneys obtained a 2011 signed statement from the victim, Williams, who claimed that, when Lovell initially showed him the six-picture lineup, he didn't identify anyone as the shooter. But then Lovell "silently indicated" that he should pick Ross' photo. Williams allegedly felt that he owed Lovell a favor, according to court documents.

However, in a later interview with several investigators from the Alameda DA's office, Williams reversed this statement, claiming again the Ross was the shooter and that he wasn't influenced by Lovell. But other doubts undermined the conviction.

For example, Lovell acknowledged during Ross' trial that he helped Travis Abner, the second witness who claimed Ross was the shooter, move out of Campbell Village and into a safer part of Oakland along with the rest of his family. The assistance supposedly was not linked to Abner's statement in favor of the prosecution, but Ross believes it was a favor in exchange for Abner identifying Ross as the shooter.

Ross' attorneys also obtained a taped interview with another man who was present when the shooting happened. He said Ross wasn't there and had nothing to do with the incident.

In 2013, Ross was exonerated and freed from prison.

Ross sued the city and Lovell in 2014 for $32 million, alleging that the Oakland police engaged in malicious prosecution and committed a Brady violation — by willfully withholding exculpatory evidence. The city countered, claiming there had been ample reason to investigate Ross, and that Lovell had probable cause to consider him a prime suspect.

U.S. District Court Magistrate Judge Maria-Elena James ruled in favor of the city and Lovell in 2015 and threw out Ross' lawsuit.

Ross appealed this decision. In March of this year, after a mediation process, the City of Oakland agreed to pay $300,000 to Ross to settle the lawsuit.

Tuesday, May 2, 2017

Thousands Flood Oakland Streets to Support Immigrant Rights on May Day

by Azucena Rasilla
Tue, May 2, 2017 at 1:56 PM


The heat wave was no match for the estimated 5,000 people who marched on International Workers’ Day, also known as May Day, yesterday in Oakland.

The day began with an act of civil disobedience: a group of protesters blockaded the Alameda County Administration Building in downtown Oakland, demanding that Alameda Sheriff Gregory Ahern end collaboration with federal immigration agents who have access to the county's jails, and also cancel the "Urban Shield" SWAT training and weapons exposition hosted by his agency each year.

They are also opposing the planned expansion of Santa Rita Jail, and many want the county to strengthen its sanctuary policies that shield immigrations from federal enforcement.

Across town in Fruitvale Plaza, students from over ten high schools organized a walk-out and rallied at the corner of 35th Avenue and International Blvd. The sentiment among them was the same. They were marching for their undocumented family members and friends who have been targeted, and demonized by the Trump administration.


“Beautiful Brown, African, Asian people, this is not what the Trump regime wants to see,” the Anti-Police Terror Project's Cat Brooks told the rally.

The protesters marched from Fruitvale to San Antonio Park with a sea of signs and messages: "Sanctuary for ALL," "My students and their families are not criminals," "No human is illegal," "Legalization, not Deportation."


The rally concluded at San Antonio Park in East Oakland, where organizers offered trainings on what to do in case of an ICE raid, and an art exhibit by the Palestine Youth Movement.

"As the attacks on immigrants, workers, and communities of color are increasing under Trump's administration, we are mobilizing in the thousands to demonstrate our power and resistance against the fear and violence that this government is imposing on our communities here and abroad," said Sharif Zakout of the Arab Resource and Organizing Center during the march.

Monday, May 1, 2017

Town Business: Oakland's Proposed $2.6 Billion Budget

by Darwin BondGraham
Mon, May 1, 2017 at 7:32 AM

Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf released her proposed 2017-2019 budget late last Friday. She's projecting a $32.5 million gap over the two years that will have to be bridged with spending cuts and new revenue.

According to the mayor, growing CalPERS pension costs, retiree medical bills, the old Police and Fire Retirement System, and federal cuts are what's driving Oakland's deficit.

Of course, Schaaf's projections are debatable. It's possible the city will pull in more revenue, and costs won't soar so high. That has happened in past years. Then again, the current economic expansion can't last forever. If there's a recession, Oakland's budget will suffer.

Whatever the actual revenues and costs turn out to be over the next two years, the budget is a big puzzle. Schaaf's proposal is one way of arranging the city's complicated finances. Here's a (very incomplete) preview of what Schaaf wants to do, but keep in mind, it's the city council that holds the purse strings and will ultimately decide what gets funded, and at what levels.

50 more cops: $1.5 million would pay for a third police academy in 2018-2019, adding fifty more officers to the department. This would bring the total number of sworn officers to 792 from the current 754. This comes on top of $9.4 million approved last year, outside of the budget process, for the hiring of more police officers. Another $9.3 million was similarly allocated for the hiring of more police officers in 2015, outside of the normal budget process.

12 more fire inspectors: The Fire Department would gain six more civilian inspectors next year, and then another six in 2019, tripling the number. But the city will have to successfully hire and fill these positions. In recent years, positions in the Fire Prevention Bureau have gone unfilled despite being budgeted. The costs of adding these inspectors would be $1.79 million per year, but the jobs would be self-funded through fees paid by property owners.

26 more firefighters: The Fire Department would also gain 26 firefighters by adding an academy in 2018 and 2019 at a cost of $2.6 million.

More planners for faster development: Schaaf's budget adds at least 11 new positions to the Department of Planning and Building that would focus on helping developers get the permits they need to break ground on projects faster.

Cutting Head Start: Due to a reduction in a federal grant award, Oakland's Head Start program will be cut by $390,000 per year. The city will lose four Head Start instructors. The Eastmont Child Development Center, which currently serves 32 children, will also be closed.

Cutting Shotspotter: A planned expansion of Oakland's gunshot detection surveillance system called Shotspotter would be cancelled under Schaaf's plan.

3 percent increase for homeless services: Oakland currently has about $7 million in grant funded programs to assist its homeless residents. Schaaf wants to add $250,000, or an increase of 3 percent.

Oakland also has $62 million in new funds that can be spend on infrastructure thanks to Measure KK. Schaaf's “Capital Improvement Program" budget, which includes Measure KK money and another $58 million, proposes the following:

Fire stations: The CIP would include money to design two new fire stations and make critical upgrades to several existing stations.

Head Start centers: The Brookfield and Arroyo Viejo Head Start centers would get $375,000 in upgrades each.

Libraries: The West Oakland, Asian, and Brookfield libraries would split about $2 million and the main library would get another $2 million.

Streets: Schaaf wants to spend $62 million on Oakland's streets over the next two years, including projects for cars, bikes, and pedestrians.

No affordable housing: Notably absent in Schaaf's Capital Improvement Plan is investment in affordable housing. Although the CIP anticipates $35 million in affordable housing programs, the only specific housing-related expenditure would be a $275,000 upgrade of the Henry Robinson Center's air conditioner. The center serves homeless adults, many who live in the camps downtown and in West Oakland.

Correction: the original version of this story stated that the salaries for the additional 50 officers that will be hired by the additional police academy are not funded in future years. In fact, their salaries are in OPD's budget

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