Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Wednesday’s Briefing: Alameda Point 800-Unit Housing Project to Finally Break Ground; White Austin Bomber Who Targeted Black Families Dies

by Robert Gammon
Wed, Mar 21, 2018 at 10:16 AM

Stories you shouldn’t miss for March 21, 2018:

1. Alameda Point developers plan to finally break ground this month on an 800-unit housing project at the former Naval Air Station, reports Roland Li of the San Francisco Business Times$. The city of Alameda, which has been seeking to develop the land for nearly two decades, began transferring property to developers last week. The project will include 200 units of affordable housing, 600,000 square feet of commercial space, 15 acres of parks, and a new ferry terminal.

2. The white Austin bomber who targeted Black families blew himself up as law enforcement closed in on him this morning, the Associated Press reports. The dead bomber was identified as Mark Conditt, and online postings show that he referred to himself as a conservative and wrote that gay marriage should be illegal. Police official have not yet identified Conditt’s motive for the series of bombings that terrorized the Austin community, although they said earlier this month that they considered the case to be a hate crime.

3. More than 30,000 Santa Barbara area residents were told to evacuate ahead of major rainstorms, fearing a repeat of the deadly mudslides earlier this year, the LA Times$ reports. The large storm is expected to dump 3 to 6 inches of rain on the coast by Friday. In January, a huge storm turned fire-ravaged hillsides into massive mudflows that killed 21 people in Montecito.

4. El Cerrito’s funhouse Playland-Not-at-the-Beach is in danger of closing down because its home on San Pablo Avenue is being torn down and turned into condos, reports Janis Mara for the East Bay Times$. The business, which includes “30 pinball machines, a penny arcade, video games, and magic shows with Fabulous Frank twirling a spray of orange, red, and yellow feathers out of thin air,” needs to find a new space by fall.

5. Alameda’s iconic antique store, Pauline’s Antiques on Park Street, is closing in the next few months, reports Darin Moriki of the East Bay Times$. The 7,000-square-foot store’s proprietor, Pauline Kelley, has decided to retire after 63 years in Alameda and the Bay Area’s antique business community.

6. And Alameda High School’s boy basketball team won the Northern California Division II championship last weekend and is playing for the state championship this Friday.

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Tuesday, March 20, 2018

Tuesday’s Briefing: Fatal Crash Halts Uber Driverless Car Testing; Two Uptown Oakland Housing Projects Nearly Rented Out

by Robert Gammon
Tue, Mar 20, 2018 at 10:11 AM

  • File photo by Darwin BondGraham

Stories you shouldn’t miss for March 20, 2018:

1. Uber halted its testing of driverless cars following a fatal crash in Arizona, reports Carolyn Said of the San Francisco Chronicle$. A self-driving test vehicle, traveling 38 mph in a 35-mph zone, struck and killed a female pedestrian in Tempe, Ariz. The Tempe police chief said that based on initial examination of video footage from the car, the woman stepped out in front of the vehicle and it would’ve been difficult for it to have avoided her — even if it had a driver.

2. Two Uptown Oakland housing developments — Mason at Hive at 2350 Valley St. and Bay West’s Maxwell project at 1801 Jefferson St. — are nearly rented out, reports Roland Li of the San Francisco Business Times$. The two projects are the largest new housing developments completed in downtown in the past seven years. Oakland has embarked on a housing construction boom and could complete 3,600 new units of housing in 2018.

3. Amoeba Music plans to open High-Fidelity cannabis dispensary next month on Telegraph Avenue in Berkeley, reports Sri Medicherla of the Daily Cal. Amoeba’s dispensary plans were approved by the city council in 2016. The new dispensary will be located next to the Amoeba Music store on Telegraph.

4. More than 100 local doctors have signed a vote of “no confidence” of Children’s Hospital Oakland’s merger with UC San Francisco, reports Lisa Fernandez of KTVU. The doctors say that UC San Francisco has effectively taken complete control over Children’s Hospital Oakland and that East Bay medical professionals now have no say in how the hospital is run.

5. Oakland’s climate change lawsuit against Chevron and other big oil companies will get a full hearing Wednesday in federal court, reports Kurtis Alexander of the San Francisco Chronicle$. Oakland has joined with San Francisco in suing oil companies for billions of dollars, contending that the corporations knew for decades that they were causing global warming.

6. And two fires on BART tracks in San Francisco — one was caused by a stray Mylar balloon that struck the electric third rail — shut down two stations and resulted in nightmarish delays this morning, the Bay Area News Group$ reports.

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Monday, March 19, 2018

San Pablo Plans Major Expansion of Existing City-Wide Surveillance System

Proposal includes adding 56 license plates scanner cameras provided by a company criticized for selling data to Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

by Darwin BondGraham
Mon, Mar 19, 2018 at 2:25 PM

During the past few years, several East Bay cities have sparked controversy with plans to purchase and install surveillance cameras and license plate readers on major thoroughfares. Privacy activists have raised concerns that this surveillance technology could be shared with the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE) and be used to target undocumented immigrants.

Last month, the Alameda City Council tabled a plan to install cameras on the city's borders with Oakland after activists pointed out that the police department and the city had no policy to bar ICE from accessing the information. And last week, Berkeley adopted the most stringent policy in the nation regarding the creation and use of surveillance technology.

But one East Bay city — San Pablo — has already quietly created the most expansive surveillance system in the region and now has plans to increase it ever further.

San Pablo already has numerous police-operated cameras to watch over its streets and sidewalks while microphones listen for gunshots. Sixteen stationary license plate scanners track vehicles passing through city limits. It's all monitored in real time. And under a proposal coming before the San Pablo City Council tonight, this system would add 60 new surveillance cameras and 56 new license plate scanners.

If approved, the expansion would bring the city's total number of video surveillance cameras to 194. The 56 new license plate scanning cameras would replace 16 existing stationary LPR arrays. The San Pablo police also outfit their police vehicles with mobile LPR scanners.

San Pablo police say the system is a crucial public safety tool. They credit technology for helping reduce shootings by 74 percent since 2011 — the year the first cameras were set up.

"Like anything in law enforcement, it is a conjunction of a lot of things — community policing, technology, and police work," Lt. Brian Bubar said in an interview. "But there are specific cases in which the surveillance equipment, including LPR and Shotspotter, have solved homicides, attempted homicides, and shootings. There’s not a case, generally, where our technology doesn’t impact positively our investigations."

Bubar said the department and city have received an overwhelmingly positive response to the surveillance system from residents.

But Bay Area privacy advocates say the system is a form of mass surveillance that has many downsides, including the fact that it's almost impossible for anyone to travel through San Pablo without being tracked by police. For example, if the proposed expansion is approved, most major streets and intersections will be covered with license plate scanners to track cars and cameras to observe pedestrians.

click image San Pablo police are proposing to add 56 license plate reader cameras to at least fifteen major intersections. - DARWIN BONDGRAHAM
  • Darwin BondGraham
  • San Pablo police are proposing to add 56 license plate reader cameras to at least fifteen major intersections.

San Pablo police agree that their surveillance system covers a lot of the public space, but they say the ubiquity of the cameras is a good thing: "We have covered a large portion of our ingress and egress," said Bubar about LPR cameras. "We want to make it known for anyone committing crimes in and around San Pablo, the likelihood is you will come across our technology, and we will gather information about you."

Tracy Rosenberg, a member of the civil liberties group Oakland Privacy, said one concern about the expansion of San Pablo's surveillance system is that the new license plate scanning cameras and software will be provided by the Livermore-based company Vigilant Solutions.

Vigilant Solutions has a contract with the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE) to share license plate scan data it collects from various sources, including some police agencies. ICE uses LPR data in criminal investigations but also to arrest and deport undocumented immigrants. This could be of concern in a city like San Pablo. Almost half of San Pablo's population is foreign born, and non-citizens are estimated to comprise 8,956 of the city's total residents, or about one-third.

"We use vigilant as a vendor, but we don’t share anything with immigration," said Bubar.

Rosenberg criticized San Pablo's existing policy regarding the use of license plate data as "off-the-shelf" because it's a generic policy obtained through the company Lexipol.

"They need a policy that is vetted with the community, with input that comes from outside the police," she said.

Currently, San Pablo police can share LPR data, and other surveillance records, with outside law enforcement agencies. The city's policy gives its officers the discretion to choose what agencies they'll cooperate with.

Bubar said it's all in the name of public safety. "We assist any law enforcement agency that wants to come in and use our surveillance tech in their investigations," he said.

Monday’s Briefing: Alt-Right Protests Schaaf and Cafe; Broken Oakland Storm Pipe Closes Posey Tube

Plus, Alameda high schools hit with more racist graffiti and threats of violence.

by Robert Gammon
Mon, Mar 19, 2018 at 10:08 AM

Alt-right demonstrators protested Libby Schaaf on Sunday. - DARWIN BONDGRAHAM
  • Darwin BondGraham
  • Alt-right demonstrators protested Libby Schaaf on Sunday.

Stories you shouldn’t miss for March 19, 2018:

1. Alt-right demonstrators on Sunday protested Oakland Mayor Libby Schaaf and a Fruitvale cafe that is refusing to serve uniformed law enforcement officers, reports Lisa Fernandez of KTVU. The protesters, who described themselves as “patriots,” first demonstrated outside of Hasta Muerte coffee shop in Oakland’s Fruitvale district, before heading to the Temescal Farmers’ Market to target Schaaf, who was holding a “mobile mayor” event. The demonstrators protested Schaaf’s decision to issue a public warning about immigration sweeps.

2. A broken storm line in Oakland created a large sinkhole that forced the closure of the Posey Tube on Sunday and Monday, creating traffic backups in Alameda, the East Bay Times$ reports. Crews were able to keep one lane open during this morning’s commute but planned to close both lanes after 10 a.m. The Posey Tube runs from Alameda to Oakland and serves as a major commute corridor during the morning hours.

3. Two Alameda high schools were hit with more racist graffiti and threats of violence, reports Aaron Davis of the East Bay Times$. Vandals scrawled anti-Muslim hate speech at Alameda High School that also threatened violence. And Island High School was targeted with a violent threat, prompting a shelter in place. Alameda police are investigating the Alameda High incident as a hate crime.

4. Weather forecasters say Northern California is expected to be slammed by an “atmospheric river” storm this week that could dump up to 5 inches of rain in certain areas. The big warm storm is expected to produce about 3 feet of snow in the high elevations of the Sierra — above 8,000 feet. But even with the recent wet weather, the Sierra snowpack is still only 40 percent of normal.

5. Cambridge Analytica, a data firm that greatly aided the 2016 Trump presidential campaign, stole personal information of more than 50 million Facebook users, The New York Times$ reports. “The breach allowed the company to exploit the private social media activity of a huge swath of the American electorate, developing techniques that underpinned its work on President Trump’s campaign in 2016.”

6. And President Trump attacked special prosecutor Robert Mueller in tweets over the weekend, raising concerns that he might fire the man investigating him. Late Friday, Attorney General Jeff Sessions fired Deputy FBI Director Andrew McCabe, who Trump had attacked mercilessly on Twitter.

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Friday, March 16, 2018

DA O’Malley Took $10K From Fremont Police Union Before Clearing Fremont Cops in Killing of Pregnant Teen

The president of the police union was one of the cops who shot and killed Elena Mondragon.

by Steven Tavares
Fri, Mar 16, 2018 at 5:02 PM

  • File photo by Lori Eanes
  • Nancy O'Malley.

Alameda County District Attorney Nancy O’Malley accepted a $10,000 campaign donation from the Fremont police union just months before her office cleared Fremont police officers of any wrongdoing in the fatal shooting of pregnant teen, Elena Mondragon. In addition, the president of the Fremont police union — Sgt. Jeremy Miskella — is one of the cops that shot Mondragon to death one year ago and was subsequently cleared by O’Malley’s office.

At a candidate’s forum in Alameda on Wednesday, O’Malley’s competitor in the June election for district attorney — civil rights attorney Pamela Price — called O’Malley’s actions “disturbing.”
"There's an actual conflict and then there's the appearance of impropriety," said Price. "And I will say to you when we have a district attorney that accepts $10,000 from the Fremont Police Officers Association and then clears the Fremont police officers of killing an unarmed 16-year-old child in a car, that's the appearance of impropriety."

O'Malley defended her campaign’s acceptance of the large contribution by the Fremont Police Officer’s Association and denied that it diminishes her office's ability to remain unbiased in cases involving law enforcement. "The police and people in the community that care about public safety, that care about stability, that care about leadership, that care about the truth and that when putting out information, that it is accurate information, those are the people who are supporting me and have given me contributions," said O'Malley.

"This is a law enforcement job and we work with the police. As I said before, when police do something that is against the law, they either get fired or they get prosecuted."

Miskella and Fremont Detective Joel Hernandez killed the 16-year-old Mondragon in March 2017 in Hayward when they were attempting to apprehend 19-year-old Rico Tiger, who was wanted for a series of armed robberies. Mondragon, who had no criminal record, was a passenger in a car driven by Tiger, and according to police, Tiger attempted to smash his car past a group of police vehicles. Miskella and Hernandez said they shot at the car in self-defense, although neither one of them turned on their body cameras. Mondragon was the only person hit by the police bullets.

Earlier this week, the Mondragon family filed a federal lawsuit against the Fremont Police Department, alleging that it failed to properly discipline Miskella and Hernandez.

O’Malley’s office investigated the shooting and concluded last month that Miskella and Hernandez had done nothing illegal. O’Malley accepted the $10,000 donation from the police union in November, while her office was still investigating union President Miskella and Hernandez.

“They gave her money; they're not charging the officers," Price said in an interview. “That's why you don't want to receive tens of thousands of dollars from the police officers’ associations, because you have to maintain the goal of at least the appearance of independence."

Miskella declined to comment about the large donation to O’Malley. The Fremont police union’s contribution was the largest made to O'Malley's campaign during the current election cycle. Former state Attorney General Bill Lockyer also made contributions totaling $10,000 from a campaign account used to hold previous funds.

In addition to the Fremont POA, the Oakland police union gave $9,500 to O'Malley's campaign; the Livermore police union donated $2,500; the Berkeley police union gave $1,000, and San Leandro police contributed $1,000. The union representing Alameda County sheriff deputies also pitched in $8,500 to O’Malley.

Friday’s Briefing: Oakland Moves Forward with Plan to Buy County’s Share of Coliseum; Blizzard Closes I-80 in Sierra

by Robert Gammon
Fri, Mar 16, 2018 at 10:07 AM

Stories you shouldn’t miss for March 16, 2018:

1. The city of Oakland is moving forward with its plan to purchase Alameda County’s share of the Coliseum property in order to make it easier to develop the land, reports Kimberly Veklerov of the San Francisco Chronicle$. The need for the city and county to co-manage the property will lessen once the Oakland Raiders and the Golden State Warriors leave in the next few years. The A’s have yet to decide whether they plan to build a new ballpark at the Coliseum site or at Howard Terminal near Jack London Square, but city officials have long sought to turn the property into a housing or commercial development.

2. Heavy snow in the Sierra Nevada forced the closure of Interstate 80 this morning over Donner Pass, reports Amy Graff of SFGate. The storm has dumped more than 2 feet of snow in the area and weather forecasters expect snow to continue to blanket the region throughout the day.

3. State lawmakers are considering a bipartisan plan to cut the retail tax rate on cannabis from 15 percent to 11 percent for the next three years — and eliminate all taxes on growers until 2021, reports Brooks Edward Staggs of the Cannifornian$. The legislation authored by state Assemblymembers Rob Bonta, D-Alameda, and Tom Lackey, R-Palmdale, comes in response to complaints that high tax rates are keeping the black market for weed alive.

4. The Berkeley City Council moved forward this week with an ambitious affordable housing project that includes 186 below-market-rate units, reports Madeleine Gregory of the Daily Cal. The Berkeley Way housing project, which is to be built in conjunction with nonprofit developer Bridge Housing Corporation and the Berkeley Food and Housing Project, would feature “53 permanent units for the homeless, 12 beds exclusively for veterans, 32 homeless shelter beds, and 89 affordable housing units for low-income residents.”

5. Bicyclists will get their own dedicated lanes next to Lake Merritt on Lakeside Drive under a plan moving forward in the city of Oakland, reports Ali Tadayon of the East Bay Times$.

6. The West Contra Costa County school district, which includes Richmond schools, is a considering a plan to remove law enforcement officers from campuses, reports Sarah Ravani of the San Francisco Chronicle$. A district task force says that “a police presence at schools contributes to a ‘school-to-prison pipeline.’”

7. And a panel of California judges has concluded that embattled Contra Costa County Superior Court Judge Bruce C. Mills has committed multiple ethical violations, and he could be removed from the bench later this month, reports Nate Gartrell of the East Bay Times$.

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Thursday, March 15, 2018

Memorial for 16-Year Old Girl Killed by Police Follows Filing of Federal Lawsuit Against Fremont Officers

by Darwin BondGraham
Thu, Mar 15, 2018 at 10:19 AM

Christina Flores, Elena Mondragon's aunt, lights a candle at yesterday's memorial for the slain teenager.
  • Christina Flores, Elena Mondragon's aunt, lights a candle at yesterday's memorial for the slain teenager.

Family and friends of Elena "Ebbie" Mondragon gathered in Hayward last night to remember the 16-year-old girl who was shot and killed by Fremont police Detective Joel Hernandez and Sgt. Jeremy Miskella exactly one year ago.

According to the Alameda County District Attorney's Office, four police officers with the South Alameda County Major Crimes Task Force were attempting to arrest Rico Tiger, a 19-year-old man wanted for armed robbery, when they shot and killed Mondragon. Mondragon and her cousin had gone swimming with Tiger and another friend, but as they were leaving a pool in a Hayward apartment complex, the car they were traveling in was blocked by two unmarked vehicles carrying four heavily-armed plain-clothed police officers. Tiger, the driver, attempted to smash through the police barricade, but officers opened fire with AR-15 rifles. Mondragon was hit multiple times and died at a nearby hospital.

None of the police had activated a body camera to record the incident, but they said they shot into the moving car in self defense because Tiger was trying to run them over. Tiger allegedly killed an innocent bystander in a car accident the month before while fleeing the from the Oakland police.

Elena Mondragon's family criticized the police tactics that led to the fatal shooting.
  • Elena Mondragon's family criticized the police tactics that led to the fatal shooting.
John Burris, an Oakland attorney representing the Mondragon family, said at a press conference earlier this week that police made "egregious tactical errors and contravened their training and basic common sense" by allowing the teens to get into a car before moving in to arrest Tiger, and then by opening fire on the vehicle.

The family's lawsuit alleges the city of Fremont's failure to discipline its police for the fatal shooting "demonstrates the existence of an entrenched culture" that tolerates improper detentions and arrests, and the use of excessive and deadly force.

At last night's memorial, Mondragon's family marked the one-year anniversary of her death.

"Ebbie was the glue that held this family together," said Michelle Mondragon, Elena's mother.

"I just want everybody to remember that Ebbie was the high spirit of our lives," said Evelina Mondragon, Elena's sister.

Christina Flores, Mondragon's aunt, criticized the police tactics that led to the shooting. "Another victim, the cops are going to take somebody else from us, from this world, that are innocent," she said during yesterday's vigil. "But I just want everybody to remember her name. Elena Mondragon. Ebbie. Our Ebbie."

The district attorney's office investigated the police shooting and cleared officers of any wrongdoing. But the Hayward Police Department, which was also tasked with investigating whether or not the shooting was lawful, has yet to complete its full report.

Tiger was subsequently charged with attempted murder against two of the officers for allegedly trying to run them down with the car. He has also been charged with murder in Mondragon's death.

But the Mondragon family said they believe that the Fremont police are also responsible, but so far, they have avoided any accountability for their role in the incident.

"We're here against justice not being served," said Miguel Minjares, Mondragon's uncle. "We're here for accountability, not just for my niece, not just my family member, but for the victims of this kind of crime, and it is a kind of crime. Just because you're the police doesn't mean they don't commit murder."

Thursday's Briefing: Two People Die in Lake Merritt; BART Seeks Developer for Oakland Housing Tower

by Robert Gammon
Thu, Mar 15, 2018 at 10:02 AM

Stories you shouldn't miss for March 15, 2018:

1. The bodies of a man and woman were pulled out of Lake Merritt this morning after neighbors reported that the couple had been fighting and heard the woman cry for help, KTVU reports. When emergency crews arrived on scene, they saw the man thrashing in the water. But he didn't respond to CPR and was declared dead. The woman's body was recovered later in the water. Police said it was unclear how the couple ended up in the lake.

2. BART is seeking a developer for a proposed housing tower and commercial project to be built on the Lake Merritt station parking lot, reports Roland Li of the San Francisco Business Times$. The housing would include 20 percent affordable units. The project, which would be built on properties at 98 and 101 8th St., is part of BART's ongoing effort to add more housing near its transit stations.

3. Vandals have been endangering the lives of bike riders in the East Bay by cutting the brake lines on Ford GoBikes, reports Otis Taylor Jr. of the San Francisco Chronicle. It's not clear who has been cutting the brake lines, but the bike share rentals have sparked anger from radical anti-gentrification activists.

4. Oakland police released the names of the four officers who shot and killed a man whom they said was armed in North Oakland on Sunday, reports George Kelly of the East Bay Times$. Sgt. Francisco Negrete and officers William Berger, Brandon Hraiz, and Craig Tanaka killed Joshua Pawlik, 32, whom they said refused to put down his weapon. All of the officers were wearing their body cameras during the shooting, but police have yet to release the footage.

5. And the Trump administration alleges that Russia is trying to interfere with the U.S. electrical grid and has hacked other U.S. infrastructure, the Associated Press reports.

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Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Oakland Tech Students Call for Stricter Gun Control at Walk-Out

by Nuria Marquez Martinez
Wed, Mar 14, 2018 at 3:48 PM

  • Photo by Nuria Marquez Martinez
Students at Oakland Technical High School braved the rain on Wednesday as they walked out of their classrooms to show their support for gun control. The demonstration was part of the national walk-out at schools across the country. The demonstrations were in response to the mass shooting that occurred at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida exactly one month ago.

The Oakland Tech walk-out started at 10 a.m. as students lined the front steps of the school building chanting "Enough is enough." They devoted 17 minutes of their demonstration to remembering the victims of the Florida shooting - one minute for each victim. Though other schools were only walking out for that number of minutes, students at Oakland Tech decided to extend the protest to last all period.

"We really wanted to see this event be done to justice," said Caroline Pers, one of the student organizers of the event. "Extending the time made it so much more valuable."

As students started unfurling their umbrellas, speakers lined up to the microphone to participate in the event's open mic. Students were encouraged to go up and speak. Some read poems, others gave impassioned speeches, but all denounced President Trump's plan to arm teachers and called for stricter gun laws.

"We can choose what we want our futures to look like," said Mia Elliott, another student organizer. "Making sure everyone is aware of their power is really important to changing our country to how we want it to be."

Atiya Black, a ninth grader, said she was surprised and encouraged by how many of her classmates participated.

"We expect people in power to listen to us and do something," she said. "We didn't come out here for no reason. We care about happens."

Throughout the morning, students could also register to vote and write letters to Congress at stations set up outside the school.

The event ended early due to the rain after about an hour of speakers but student organizers already have plans moving forward. Pers said they want to start a social justice club at the school to get other students involved in this kind of activism.

"We have a lot of momentum. We know we're capable of doing this," she said.

Berkeley Council Approves Surveillance Technology Oversight Ordinance

by Darwin BondGraham
Wed, Mar 14, 2018 at 11:46 AM

  • Darwin BondGraham
Berkeley's police and other city departments hoping to acquire new surveillance technologies will now have to disclose publicly the equipment or software they're seeking to acquire and justify the acquisition before gaining approval.

The Berkeley City Council approved a new law last night that subjects surveillance technologies to sweeping civilian oversight, making Berkeley the first city in California to do so.

"Last night's unanimous vote by the Berkeley City Council was another strong indicator that citizens are demanding input into how powerful surveillance equipment is used in their community and who gets access to the data," said Brian Hofer, a member of the civil liberties group Oakland Privacy.

Under the new law, city departments must show that the benefits of a new surveillance technology outweigh possible harms to privacy and civil liberties, before gaining permission to buy and use these tools.

The rules will apply to surveillance cameras, gunshot detection microphones, license plate reader cameras, cellphone tracking devices, and any other devices or systems that "collect audio, electronic, visual, location, thermal, olfactory, biometric, or similar information specifically associated with, or capable of being associated with, any individual or group."

Departments must also create policies to govern how surveillance technologies are deployed, who can access the data they collect, and whether and how it's shared with other cities, the state, or federal agencies.

On an annual basis, the city will also report how various surveillance tools are used and whether any policies were violated or data was breached and accessed by unauthorized parties.

"This was a unanimous vote in support of protecting our privacy," said Sameena Usman, government relations coordinator of the Council on American Islamic Relations San Francisco Bay Area Chapter. "It's important to enact these laws locally because we’re not going to be seeing this kind of direction from the federal government. That’s why we’re taking this local control and deciding how this type technology can be used."

Berkeley Mayor Jesse Arreguin tweeted that the council received 193 letters and emails about the ordinance, demonstrating a very high level of public interest in the new law.

Hofer said similar ordinances are currently being considered in Davis, Oakland, and by BART. He said local attention to how police obtain and use surveillance technology is an especially important topic that was underscored by the recent revelation that some cities have been feeding license plate scans to ICE through contracts with companies like Vigilant Solutions.

"It was only after a public vetting and discussion occurred that Alameda and Culver City became aware that their license plate reader data could be shared with ICE," Hofer said about two cities that recently voted against license plate reader deployment. "The ordinance adopted by Berkeley ensures that these types of dangerous oversights will be addressed, and that vulnerable communities will be protected."

The Berkeley ordinance still requires another vote by the council before it officially takes effect.

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