Sex and the Soul 

By Donna Freitas

It took me several years after college to understand what true relationship intimacy was about. I attribute this personal roadblock partly to spending my college years mired in the prevailing unhealthy hook-up scene. Occasionally it was fun in the moment. But for the most part, fleeting dalliances usually left me unfulfilled and unhappy.

Sadly, the pressures and dangers of collegiate hook-up culture have grown exponentially since my salad days. In her recent book Sex and the Soul: Juggling Sexuality, Spirituality, Romance, and Religion on America's College Campuses, Donna Freitas, assistant professor of religion at Boston University, describes just how much things have changed over the years, and paints an upsetting and paradoxical picture of today's sexually liberated campuses.

Freitas's work seemingly is unique in its juxtaposition of religion and spirituality with sexuality. For her research, Freitas visited a range of America's colleges and universities — from public to private, Catholic to evangelical — to find out what students had to say about these deeply personal topics. What she uncovered was at once refreshing and disheartening: the majority of students she chatted with (including men) actually resent the highly sexualized social environments so dominant on campuses today, in which sex, alcohol, and misogynistic theme parties such as "Millionaires and Maids," or "CEOs and Office Ho's," abound. But they also feel powerless to go against this social sphere perpetuated by a powerful peer minority. Freitas found this to be equally true at non-religious and Catholic schools.

She finds that, while the shared identity and common values found on evangelical campuses are indeed keys to a healthy college experience, the purity ideal at such colleges is severe. The Christian fairy tale common to these schools creates deep anxiety, particularly for women, who feel they have somehow failed if they don't find a mate and get their "ring by spring."

Freitas' main concern, however, is with schools that don't advocate any particular sexual-value system. She argues that college administrations need to engage their communities better on questions about sex, religion, and spirituality. "Right now, students rule the sexual aspect of campus; they're left on their own to deal with that. In my ideal world, colleges would offer a required first-year seminar, not just about relationships, but also on the ethics of being part of a community," Freitas says. "It's important to empower students to reflect personally on their own communities and on themselves inside the classroom."

She also encourages parents of college-aged kids to start asking questions when they visit prospective campuses. "An institution can have all the prestige in the world and offer the best education," says Freitas, "but what if this same place has your daughter dressing up as a 'secretary ho'?" (Oxford Press, 328 pages, $24.95)

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